Outdoor Koi Pond
An Outdoor Koi Pond can be affected by their Geographical locations-and their climatic pluses and minuses.
~In the South: Outdoor Koi Ponds in the South probably never need to be heated; outdoor koi ponds stay warm enough in colder weather with a simple cover. However, during the summer these same koi-keepers may need to add a waterfall or fountin feature to cool the pond water.
~In the Desert: Outdoor Koi Pond owners in arid areas like southern Arizona need to top off their backyard Koi ponds with fresh water to replace water lost through evaporation. They also need a protein skimmer to filter off that scummy layer of pollen that settles after the summer monsoons.
~In the North: Outdoor Koi Pond owners in the North bear the brunt of expenses (like heating costs during the winter). Most outdoor Koi pond need to cover their the pond when water temperatures dip below 52 degree F the point at which Koi become relatively inactive. The cover can be Pilofilm stapled to a 2-x4-foot frame just a few feet above the water. For northern Koi-keepers, the big difference in cost is electricity and nautral gas costs during the winter.
Outdoor Koi Pond Fall Checklist
Photo courtesy of Veggie Might Blog
Water from public supplies (i.e. city, county) will contain one of two chemicals to prevent water-born diseases. The first chemical commonly used is a small amount of chlorine. Chlorine will evaporate out of water within days to hours depending on the concentration level and amount of aeration. To lengthen the time chlorine stays in the water, some suppliers will use chloramine which is a compound of chlorine and ammonia. Of course we do not want either chlorine or chloramine to enter our ponds. All of us should be using a dechlorinator when doing our weekly 10% or more water change. The most basic, least expensive, and safest dechlorinator is the compound sodium thiosulphate (ST). Sodium Yhiosulphate comes in milky crystals that look like oily rock salt. Sodium Thiosulphate will neutralize chlorine on contact. If the water contains chloramine, sodium thiosulphate will break the chlorine-ammonia bond. Sodium Thiosulphate will then neutralize the chlorine. What happens to the remaining trace of ammonia? It is handled by the pond’s filter the same as the ammonia being produced by the Koi. When should we use Sodium Thiosulphate? Anytime we do a water change where there is a working filter and the source water contains chlorine or chloramine (i.e., virtually all public water supplies). Note we said where there is a working filter. Something has to eat the ammonia!!!! If you are setting up a new outdoor koi pond or a quarantine tank you may not have a working filter with bacteria ready to eat ammonia. In such a case, consider using a commercial dechlorinator product such as a Pond Keeper Pro Beneficial Bacteria or Pond Keeper Pro Nitrifying Bacteria that will breakdown or bind the ammonia. Sodium Thiosulphate will do nothing about ammonia.
Ingredients for sodium thiosulphate dechlorinator:
To Make and Use Dechlorinator:
Your quart of dechlorinator should handle ~ 9,463 gallons of tap water.
A gallon of the dechlorinator should handle ~37,850 gallons of tap water.
Store any unused sodium thiosulphate crystals or dechlorinator solution in a cool dark spot. Neither the crystals nor solution needs refrigeration. The shelf life of the crystals is many years.
Naturally keep the sodium thiosulphate crystals and dechlorinator solution out of the reach of children and dry pets.
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Outdoor Koi Pond Beginning