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Nishikigoi Terms

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This Glossary is Koi, Plant and all things relating to the Pond.

Pronunciation Guide:

A - pronounced ah, as in paw or draw EI - pronounced aye, as in bay, play
E - pronounced eh, as in spend or friend OI - pronounced oye, as in toy, boy
I - pronounced ee, as in bee, he, tree OA - pronounced oh ah, as in boa
O- pronounced oh, as in tow, oak OO - pronounced oo, as in who, boo
U - pronounced uu, as in moo, who UI - pronounced wee, as in tree, bee
R - sometimes pronounced like the letter "d" JI - pronounced gee, as in bungi
AI - pronounced eye, as in pie, fly JY - pronounced jah, as in draw, jaw
AO - pronounced ah oh RYU - pronounced droo, as in Andrew

Nabe Zumi (nah' beh zoo' mee)Poor Sumi. Opposite of Urushi Zumi.
Nagaremoyo (nah' beh zoo' mee)Streaming pattern
Naïve fish A fish that has not been exposed or infected by a pathogen.
Narumi Asagi (nah' roo mee ah' sah gee)The normal Asagi pattern is considered to be the Narumi Asagi, whose name resembles Narumi Shibori (which refers to a traditional cloth pattern). Narumi Asagi have a white netting created by Fukurin that surrounds the indigo blue core of each scale.
Necrosis Pathologic death of one or more cells or a portion of tissue or organ, resulting from irreversible damage.
Necrosisneotenic Organism that never reaches its adult stage but reproduces in its larval form.
Nesai (NEH say) Between 1 and 2 years old, referring to Koi age.
Nezu Grey
Nezu Ogon (neh' zoo oh' gone)Grey metallic scaled Koi.
Nezumi Grey
Ni Bu (nee Boo) Size 2
Niban Hi (knee bahn' hee)Thin Hi. This is secondary Hi, and occurs later in a Koi's development. It is most often seen in the Kiwa. It makes an excellent Nishikigoi pattern appear vague and takes away the brilliance of the contrast between the Hi and Shiroji. Koi with Niban Hi rarely recover a good Hi plate.
Nibani Secondary Hi, which appears and dissapears depending on such factors as water condition and temperature.
Nidan (knee' dah-n)Two, a Nidan Kohaku has two Hi plates.
Nidan Kohaku A Kohaku with two Hi markings on its body.
Nigata An area on the northwest coast of mainland Japan, the birth place and pillar of the koi breeding industry.
Niigata Ginrin (knee' gah ta geen' reen)Mirror shine. Niigata Ginrin, also called Beta Gin, appeared primarily on the belly of Koi and only rarely appeared up on the back. It was called Beta Gin because the scales shined like a mirror. The problem was that the shine looked weak from certain angles. Hiroshima Ginrin is the improved version of Ginrin.
Niigata Nogyosai (knee' gah ta know' gyoh sigh)Niigata agriculture festival where the Niigata Nishikigoi show is held. Only breeders in Niigata compete at this show. The Koi show is held in Ojiya city on the last weekend of each October. The 43rd show is scheduled to take place in 2004. It is a part of the National festival of Agriculture, Foresty and Fisheries. The grand champion at this show is awarded the Minister of Agruculture, Forestry and Fishereies prize.
Nimai Zashi (ni my' zah' she)Sashi that is two scales wide. Ni means "two". Undesirable, as perfect Sashi should be exactly on scale wide. Sanmai Zashi is 3 scales wide.
Nisai (knee' sigh) 2 years old.
Nishikigoi Fancy or coloured Koi (from nishiki, a beautiful, coloured linen, and goi meaning fish).
Nishikigoidaki (ni' she key goy da' key)To handle Nishikigoi with bare hands. Using bare hands to move large Nishikigoi is considered optimal because a net can remove scales or cause injuries. Only experienced, confident Koishi can move large Koi by hand.
Nitrate Chem Formula: NO3. The end product of biological conversion of e ammonia to nitrite and nitrite to nitrAte. It is not considered toxic to koi except in extremely high concentrations.
Nitrite NO2 Chem Sym:NO2. Intermediate nitrogenous compound formed in the process of bacteriological conversion of ammonia to nitrate. Very toxic to koi.
Nitrogen is an element that, in its different forms, stimulates the growth of aquatic macrophytes and algae in waterbodies.
Nitrogenous Waste Organic waste with a high nitrogen content, e.g. animal manure, urine.
Nose Zumi (no' she zoo' mee)Riding Sumi. Sumi that appears on Hi plates. Also called Kasane Zumi.
Notifiable disease A disease which must, by law, be reported to the proper federal (USDA APHIS Veterinary Services) and state (state veterinarian) officials when positively diagnosed.

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