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Build A Koi Pond
Before deciding if you want to keep Koi you should ask yourself this question: "Are you willing to take the responsibility for providing a healthy environment for Koi and doing all that this entails?"
When building a Pond there are several things you must do in order to keep your Fish healthy, if just building a Water Garden then the following requirements don't have to be met. If you are planning on having Koi, first ask your self "Am I prepared for the commitment of providing responsible care for my fish?" If not, then please just stick to a Water Garden.
Here is a small list of items you need to be prepared for if you plan on keeping Koi:
The Charm of a Koi often develops in to a compulsion, but enthusism for collecting and showing these beautiful fish must be coupled with a clear understanding of how you can provide the ideal environment for them. Koi ponds need to be designed and constructed with a focus on Health and Safety.
The Pre-Planning phase is the most important step, make sure and take your time when planning your pond designs. You will save time and money when you pre-plan your pond designs. The worst thing you can do is build on a whim.
The first thing to do is plan your budget. Make sure you know what you need and what it will cost. The larger the pond the larger the expense will be. That means the size of your budget will determine the size of your pond.
If you do not feel up to the job you can always leave it to the experts.
The easiest way to build a Koi pond is to create a working ecosystem within the fish pond. The way to create this ecosystem is to combine the following elements. Leaving any of these features out, will cause more difficulties in establishing a balanced ecosystem not to mention more time and money spent on maintenance.
The reason why ponds do not turn out right is that most people do not do enough research and have insufficient equipment.
When designing your pond it needs to be arranged where the contaminates move from the water into the filtration system. Bottom drains, skimmers and flow patterns will help you move the contaminates toward and into the water outlets.
IMPORTANT: After your pond is built most people make the mistake of adding their Koi or Pond Fish right away. This is the fastest way to kill your Fish. Don't let this happen to you Click Here for Information on Stocking your pond the right way.
Up to 85% of the ponds being built today are so poorly designed that within 2 years, many of the customers are so unhappy with it that they question why they built it in the first place.
Tips on building a Koi Pond that you will enjoy.
The easiest and fastest way to Build A Pond is to use one of our Pond Kits. With our Pond Kits the only thing left to decide is where to place it and how many Koi & Pond Fish it will hold. With high-quality components, great prices, and a design for a healthy and low-maintenance pond or water garden make these pond kits the best value you will find anywhere.
The trick of low-maintenance construction is to think external. Use an external filter to keep your pond clean and healthy, an external pump to keep it flowing and an external UV Light to keep it clear. Just the fact that you have located the equipment where you can easily get to it is half the battle. When you build a pond make sure you have a bottom drain, this will make your job alot easier. The #1 Most Effective Piece of Equipment to Make the Pond Low-Maintenance is a Bead Filter or a Bog Filter.
A couple of points to remember: DO NOT Line the Bottom with Rocks! The Bigger the Pond - the Easier to Maintain! To keep your water clear install a UV Light.
Here are some water features that you will need when you building, and what functions they perform.The first requirement is that it must contain moving water and there are many ways you can do this. A pump is used to draw in water and send it through a tube before returning it to the pond above the surface. As it leaves the pipe, it will absorb oxygen before it enters the water.
However, it will also increase the oxygen content of the water in another way, because as it splashes it will create a disturbance at the surface and this will have the effect of increasing the surface of the water to the air, so more oxygen can be absorbed.
For this system you will need a pipe connecting the main water supply to the pumping system or to replace lost water. you can use a fine nozzle spray hose as this will dissipate much of the chlorine into the atmosphere.
You will need to allow for an overflow on occasions of heavy rain which suddenly overload the water. Pipes can be placed around the pond just above the water surface, or they can be placed upright. In either case they will exit into the drainage system. Be sure they are covered with a suitable wireweld mesh so the smaller fish will not be carried away. The system described will circulate the water and oxygenate it but it will not remove debris, so this is the need for the bottom drain.
When using an external pump you must have a way to pull the water out of the pond. There are several drain methods available: bottom drains that install through the liner, vacuum bottom drains that sit on top of the liner and strainer baskets that cover the end of a hose to prevent fish from being sucked into it.
The most low-maintenance method is installing a 3" bottom drain through the liner. Both the vacuum bottom drain and the strainer caps are unable do as good of a job as one installed into the floor of the pond. Even a 2" bottom drain with the anti-vortex cover is not as good as the black-domed 3" bottom drain because it traps leaves and large debris at the cover and does not allow it to go out of the pond and into the leaf basket of the external pump. That trapped debris has to be pulled off periodically with a net or pole of some kind so there is a little more work to it. Although the 3" dome allows leaves and large debris to leave the pond it also sucks in small fish so one has to accept that he will need to rake off the top of the 2" periodically if his fish are less than 6" long.
The drain cover is best made from an inert material such as PVC so it will not rust or release chemicals in so doing.
Where the bottom drain is located can mean the difference between a "self-cleaning" pond and one that needs attention. It should be placed at the deepest part and the floor of the pond should slant gradually down to the drain to encourage all the debris to fall toward the drain. It should be installed half-an-inch lower than the ponds floor and be located as far away from the water return as possible to encourage healthy water circulation.
A depth of at least 4 feet (1.2m) is recommended for large Koi. Avoid ponds less than 4 feet (1.2m) deep because of the potentially of severe fluctuations in water temperature. Koi swim both vertically and horizontally, so depth gives them space to exercise, freedom of movement, and the opportunity to live a more comfortable and stress-free life.
You will also need a depth of 4 feet so your fish can survive through the witner.
Know Your Frost Line! This is the deepest your water is likely to freeze in the winter with extended periods of low temperatures. Your pond needs to be at least 6" deeper thean the frost line to be able to overwinter your fish.
Liners Or Preformed Shells
EPDM carries a 20-year warranty. Because it is thick and also very heavy. That could be the only negative about it! It is well worth the extra labor to install.
The liner is the skin of your pond and will be around for a very long time. Do not cost yourself trouble, money and aggravation by trying to find a “deal” on this particular product. After all, what good is a liner that does not hold water?
If someone offers you an irresistible deal on 45 mil EPDM — resist it. We have seen where folks are selling 45 mil EPDM rubber liner material for CHEAP prices and found out that it is used by roofers and has been treated with some kind of chemical that is very toxic to fish. Be sure the material is fish safe.
Click Here for the Winter Pond Article.
Budget and Supplies
When planning your budget, do allow for the buying of your Koi fish themselves and for such things as plastic containers to inspect them in, driving nets, and certainly a spare tank for isolating a sick fish. These can be made out of the least expensive pond liners, or you could even use a child’s inflatable pool. You will need various water testing kits so you can be sure of the water quality.
The size to which a Koi may grow may be affected in one of two ways. If it is underfed, it’s growth rate will slow down dramatically; dwarf Koi have been produced in this manner but it is a bad practice. The second factor to control growth is by hormones which in some species, restrict growth based on the volume of water available to them.
4 Basic Factors
The factors that will control the size and cost of the pond building will be largely as follows:
These four basic factors are inter-related because if space is restricted, this will place a limit on the number of mature Koi you can keep regardless of how many you want. If you wish to have more Koi than you can initially afford then allowance should be made for future expansion by not completing the surrounds or making the support walls to butyl liners too permanent or decorative for they will have to be pulled down when you are ready to expand. Obtain costs for the differing sizes of supplies and for the equipment that is minimally considered necessary to start with. For Example: Koi pond filters.
If you want to make a natural looking waterfall, you can use the same stone that was used around the pond. Place flat pieces of stone onto a bed of mortar, on steps you formed in the compacted mound of soil. Make the waterfall’s path as irregular as possible.
At the top of the waterfall, incorporate a waterfall box or a hose feeding from the pump via the pond’s filter. You can now trim any excess garden liner. Once the waterfall is set and is running with water, position additional rocks to fine-tune the flow of water down the waterfall.
When you build a koi pond, take into account where any filter will be located and how you are going to pipe water to and from it. You can, for example, remove water from the end furthest from the waterfall, process it with the filter and then pump it back to the top of the waterfall. This will help maintain water circulation within the garden liner, which helps insure oxygenated water throughout.
Money Savers or Not
Here are a few ways to avoid costly errors when purchasing equipment:
Tips for Keeping Insects Away
Conversion Tables Click Here
Nishikigoi Terms Click Here
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One of the easiest ways to try your hand at water gardening is to create a miniature pond in a Container Water Garden. You can use something as elegant as a ceramic planter or as rustic as an old horse trough, kettle, or half whiskey barrel. Choose a container at least 18 inches in diameter-24inches is better.
Are You A School Teahcer and Need A Fun and Educating Project for Your Kids To Do This School Year?
How about Build your Own Koi Pond? On this Pond Activity Guide it has the steps for building a Pond for all Grade Levels.
Rocks and Boulders
Rocks and boulders pay a huge part in whether your pond looks natural or man made. To have a successful pond you need to pay close attention to detail, the most important detail is the actual placement of rocks and boulders. Knowing where to place each boulder or rock can be absolutely critical to the natural appearance of your pond , they create the ability to hide items you don't want to be seen as well as create adequate hydraulics and movement in the water itself.
Natural Ponds could be old swimming pools that are not used anymore. If you already have a natural pond on your property, you may just want to spruce things up a bit or add a few fish. Be careful with the types of water plants you add. Many are incredibly invasive and could quickly take over the entire pond.
Build for Safety
Building For Koi
Since Koi can become very large fish as adults, a pond designed as a habitat for Koi must include the necessary volume, configuration and filtration for that purpose. A minimum pond size requirement should be met as determined by the gallons of water per inch of fish ratio. A good stocking guideline is no more then one Koi per 200 gallons. This means a Koi pond is designed differently than a pond intended for smaller fish or just plants.
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How to Glue PVC Pipe
The removal of unwanted material in a pond is know as filtration and it can be achieved in one of four different ways: Mechanical, Chemical, Biological and Vegetative.
If you need help picking out your Pond Filter Click Here
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