Back to Back Issues Page
Ammoina Levels and the harmful effect it has on your Koi
August 21, 2014
Hi



Welcome to the Koi Pond Guide Newsletter

Welcome to all the new Subscribers


Besides Oxygen, Ammonia is the most important water level parameter in your pond that will affect your Koi or pond fish.

Not only is ammonia produced by bacterial mineralization, it is also pumped into the water by the fish excrement. Basically, fish are swimming in a pool of their own filth and it is this that poisons them, causing damaged tissue, especially of the gills and kidneys.


Over stocking of Koi and Pond Fish is the Fastest way to raise the Ammonia Level in your Pond.


Reducing the level of Ammonia


You can reduce the level of ammonia in several ways: water changes, reduce the number of fish your pond holds, improve feeding and general husbandry procedures, improvement of biological filtration and use of ion exchange materials.


Excretion by fish as a normal part of their metabolism The breakdown of protein in uneaten food or dead fish that may have been overlooked.

Principal Sources of Ammonia




Excretion by fish as a normal part of their metabolism.

The breakdown of protein in uneaten food or dead fish that may have been overlooked.

Over stocking of Koi and Pond Fish is the Fastest way to raise the Ammonia Levels in your Pond. You should have no more than one inch of Koi per 10 gallons of water.

Not only is ammonia produced by bacterial mineralization, it is also pumped into the water by the fish excrement. Basically, fish are swimming in a pool of their own filth and it is this that poisons them, causing damaged tissue, especially of the gills and kidneys. Ammonia poisoning also lowers resistance to disease, making the fish more susceptible to death, which is why aquarium hobbyists and pond enthusiasts refer to fish that have been poisoned by high levels of ammonia as “New Tank Syndrome.”

If your tap water contains chloramines, using a dechlorinator alone will release ammonia from the chloramine. The additional use of a binding agent for ammonia is recommended.



The Ammonia Levels in your pond should ALWAYS be 0!

The use of two or three-reagent salicylate-based test kits are recommended as they may be used effectively with most ammonia binders. These kits show yellow with no ammonia and turn progressively more blue-green with increasing ammonia in the test water.

The use of one-reagent Nessler-based test kits (clear to yellow-orange with increasing ammonia) is discouraged as they produce false readings when ammonia binders are present.



When ammonia is detected (assuming a pH of about 7.5):

  • Increase aeration to maximum. Add supplemental air if possible.
  • Stop feeding the fish if detected in an established pond, reduce amount fed by half if starting up a new bio-converter/pond.
  • Check an established pond bio-converter for probable clean out requirement.
  • For an ammonia level of 0.1 ppm, conduct a 10% water change out. For a level of 1.0 ppm, conduct a 25% change out.
  • Chemically treat for twice the amount of ammonia measured.
  • Consider transferring fish if the ammonia level reaches 2.5 ppm.


Products to help you lower your ponds ammonia are Ammo-Lock, Microbe-Lift Ammonia Remover and Dry Ammonia Remover.

To keep your Koi healthy and their immune systems strong we recommend using Koizyme. You can read more about Koizyme by clicking here.



Our Ebook All About Koi is now on SALE. It has been marked down by 50% for a limited time.


All About Koi



We here at the Koi Pond Guide hope you are enjoying your newsletter. Feel free to pass this newsletter on to your friends or family!

, we would love to hear your comments, and questions are welcomed and appreciated! Also, if you have any photos you would like to share of your pond, fish or plants we would love to see them, so send them in.

Happy Ponding!

The Koi Pond now has a great line of products to help you with your Koi and Pond needs. Koi Pond Products

I Love SBI!

Koi Pond Guide
116 Sandy Dr.
Hamlet NC 28345
(910)280-0504
Email Koi Pond Guide



Leave Us A Comment Or Send us a Picture

Back to Back Issues Page